Sleep-Disordered Breathing in a Group of Heart Transplantation Candidates

  • Moein Foroughi Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, Department of Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine, National Re- search Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Laleh Rahmani Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Majid Malekmohammad Tracheal Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Farzane Saeidifard Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Parisa Adimi Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, Department of Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine, National Re- search Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran AND Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Heart failure, Heart transplantation, Obstructive sleep apnea, Central sleep apnea

Abstract

Background and Objective: Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). We assessed the prevalence and the pattern of SDB in HF patients who were candidates for heart transplantation.Materials and Methods: Twenty heart transplantation patients with ventricular ejection-fraction < 25% were recruited consecutively in a cross-sectional study in Iran during 2009-2010. Full-night polysomnography was performed for them.Results: The participants consisted of 14 males and 6 females with the mean ± SD age of 45.6 ±13.3 and the mean ± SD Body Mass Index (BMI) of 24.1±5.5. Seventeen patients (85%) were diagnosed with sleep breathing disorder, among which, four had central sleep apnea.Conclusions: Sleep apnea is prevalent in heart transplantation candidates.

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Published
2015-11-08
How to Cite
1.
Foroughi M, Rahmani L, Malekmohammad M, Saeidifard F, Adimi P. Sleep-Disordered Breathing in a Group of Heart Transplantation Candidates. jss. 1(1):34-7.
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Original Article(s)